What factors to the Turkish-Syrian rapprochement and can Erdogan quickly meet Bashar al-Assad?

What factors to the Turkish-Syrian rapprochement and can Erdogan quickly meet Bashar al-Assad?

What factors to the Turkish-Syrian rapprochement and can Erdogan quickly meet Bashar al-Assad?

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Will Turkish-Syrian relations quickly crystallize after a sequence of high-level conferences that introduced collectively officers from each side beneath Russian auspices? How does the Syrian opposition see this new rapprochement and what impression does it have on the sphere and on the thousands and thousands of Syrian refugees in Turkey? Or does Erdogan solely wish to enhance his possibilities of successful the subsequent presidential elections in June with the Syrian card?

After years of political stalemate, it reached the purpose of hostility between Syria And Turkey, relations between the 2 nations have skilled a sort of heat in current days, as evidenced by a sequence of conferences bringing collectively senior officers from the 2 regimes in what’s going to turn out to be a historic assembly between the Turkish president within the close to future Recep Tayyip Erdogan and the Syrian Bashar al-Assad could lead on.

The primary assembly was organized by Moscow in late 2022 within the presence of Russian Protection Minister Sergei Shoigu, Turkey’s Protection Minister Hulusi Akar and Syrian Ali Mahmoud Abbas.

Syrian Deputy Foreign Minister Faisal al-Miqdad attends the funeral of the late Syrian Foreign Minister Walid al-Moallem at the Saad bin Moaz Mosque in the capital Damascus, November 16, 2020.
Syrian Deputy Overseas Minister Faisal al-Miqdad attends the funeral of the late Syrian Overseas Minister Walid al-Moallem on the Saad bin Moaz Mosque within the capital Damascus, November 16, 2020. © AFP

The assertion launched by the Russian Protection Ministry mentioned the talks, which have been the primary of their form because the Syrian battle erupted in 2011, aimed to “discover methods to resolve the Syrian disaster and the refugee situation along with intensifying the… joint efforts to counter extremist teams.”

The identical assertion added that “the events confused the constructive nature of the dialogue within the kind by which it was carried out and the necessity to proceed it in an effort to create stability” in Syria.

Combating terrorism and Kurdish teams is one among Turkey’s priorities in northern Syria

For its half, the Syrian-Arab information company “SANA” (affiliated with the Syrian regime) introduced that “through the assembly in Moscow, the significance and necessity of continued dialogue to stabilize the scenario within the area was emphasised”. The Turkish aspect commented that “the assembly occurred in a optimistic ambiance”.

It’s the first official assembly bringing collectively the three protection ministers since 2011, figuring out that an unofficial bilateral assembly between the overseas ministers of Turkey and Syria occurred in 2021 within the mild of a regional summit.

The Moscow assembly comes at a time when Recep Tayyip Erdogan has not stopped saying that the Turkish military is getting ready a navy assault on northern Syria in opposition to “terrorist teams and Kurdish organizations” whom he accuses of “terrorism”.

A break at the event with Ramatan Awaitia @RamateneA
A break on the occasion with Ramatan Awaitia @RamateneA © France24

Final November’s assault on the guts of Istanbul bolstered the speculation of the Turkish assault on northern Syria after the Turkish president accused parts of the Kurdish Folks’s Safety Items (YPG) of being behind the assault, which killed six and left many wounded.

Ankara pledges to respect “the protection of all” its neighbors, notably Iraq and Syria

The second assembly that might open a brand new chapter between Ankara and Damascus is the one that may happen in the course of this month between Turkish Overseas Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu and his Syrian counterpart Faisal al-Miqdad, a neighboring nation not but designated, with the participation of Russian Overseas Minister Sergei Lavrov .

Russia is looking on each Turkey and Syria to bridge variations and restore ties between them because it desires to convey Bashar al-Assad again into the regional political sport. Nevertheless, given the easing in relations between Damascus and Turkey, Ankara had initially stipulated that Moscow would enable airstrikes on areas in northern Syria managed by Kurdish teams.

Turkish Protection Minister Hulusi Akar reiterated that his nation “stands able to switch management of its areas of presence in Syria to the authority of the Syrian authorities,” noting the necessity to “make sure the return of Syrian refugees to their homeland and territorial management.” to respect integrity and sovereignty of all our neighbors, particularly Syria and Iraq”, noting that the one purpose is to “battle terrorism”. We have now no different aim.”

He continued: “We have now acknowledged that we purpose to neutralize members of terrorist organizations equivalent to ‘Islamic State’, the PKK and the Folks’s Safety Items, which additionally pose a menace to Syria. We have now mentioned that we attempt to make sure the safety of our nation, our nation and our borders, and we additionally talked about that we attempt to forestall additional immigration from Syria to Turkey.

Turkish Defense Minister Hulusi Akar on June 27, 2019 in Brussels.
Turkish Protection Minister Hulusi Akar on June 27, 2019 in Brussels. AFP/Archive

Fearing a brand new method between Turkey and Syria that might convey President al-Assad again to the fore, Washington earlier this week urged nations world wide to “sever their ties with the regime of Bashar al-Assad, the brutal dictator to not normalize.” On the similar time, he criticized the tripartite assembly that introduced collectively the protection ministers of Russia, Turkey and Syria on the finish of the yr. Previous.

On this regard, he mentioned Ned Price, spokesman for the US State DepartmentWe don’t help nations which can be strengthening their ties or expressing help for the rehabilitation of the brutal dictator Bashar al-Assad.

He continued, “We urge nations to fastidiously examine the Assad regime’s appalling human rights file over the previous 12 years, at a time when it continues to commit atrocities in opposition to the Syrian individuals and supply life-saving humanitarian assist” to these in want denied in areas past the management of its forces.

The opposition fears a Turkish-Syrian rapprochement that might come at their expense

As for the Syrian opposition, which fears a brand new rapprochement between them Bashar al-Assad and Recep Tayyip ErdoganIt referred to as on Ankara to reiterate its “help for its trigger”. For instance, the chief of Hayat Tahrir al-Sham, a militant militant group, mentioned in a recorded speech broadcast on Monday that talks between Syria, Russia and Turkey constituted a “harmful aberration”.

The Syrian Nationwide Coalition, an alliance of opposition forces, met with Turkish Overseas Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu on Tuesday to study Turkey’s intentions concerning a potential rapprochement with Damascus.

Abdul Rahman Mustafa, the top of the Turkey-backed opposition interim authorities, mentioned the Turkish minister pledged the coalition’s continued help for his nation’s opposition establishments in Syria and for Syrians in opposition-controlled areas.

“Syrian-Turkish rapprochement serves each side”

Badr Jamous, the top of the Syrian negotiating committee, added in an interview with the opposition-affiliated “Syria TV” that the Syrian-Turkish rapprochement really serves the 2 nations. Syria, which desires to drive the “Qasd troops” out of the oil properly areas, wants help from Ankara. The latter desires to utterly eradicate the Kurdish armed teams current in Syria and convey again the Syrian refugees from Turkey to their nation beneath the auspices of the United Nations and assist companies.

Furthermore, specialists in Turkish politics imagine that President Recep Tayyip Erdogan desires to take advantage of the thought of ​​a Syrian-Turkish rapprochement to win the guess on the upcoming presidential elections in June 2023. However will Bashar al-Assad act on his insinuations, or will he depart it till after the elections?


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