The visit of the US National Security Advisor to the region… 5 important files

The visit of the US National Security Advisor to the region… 5 important files

The visit of the US National Security Advisor to the region… 5 important files

US National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan discussed five key dossiers during his visit to Israel and the Palestinian Territories on Thursday, where he held separate meetings with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas.

Sullivan’s discussions focused on: the Iranian nuclear program, the normalization of relations between Israel and Saudi Arabia, the war in Ukraine, and the Palestinian-Israeli conflict.

A statement from the Israeli prime minister’s office said Netanyahu and Sullivan had discussed “joint efforts to end Iran’s nuclear program and Iran’s actions in the region.”

“The Prime Minister welcomed U.S. President Joe Biden’s pledge to ensure Iran does not acquire nuclear weapons,” the statement said.

The two sides also discussed next steps to deepen the “Abraham Accords,” which referred to the normalization deals struck between Israel and Arab countries in 2020, and “expanding the circle of peace with a focus on Saudi Arabia.”

In his talks with the US adviser, Netanyahu also addressed “the recent actions by the Palestinians in the international arena” and viewed them as “an attack on Israel that requires our response.”

The two praised the importance of the strategic relationship between Israel and the United States and the need to deepen it, according to the statement.

On Thursday, the US National Security Advisor met with Mossad chief David Barnea and discussed with him “the strategic challenges facing the two countries and the great importance of cooperation between the security services in overcoming them,” the statement said.

Preservation of the two-state solution

Sullivan met with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas

During Sullivan’s meeting with the Palestinian President in Ramallah, West Bank, Abbas warned “of the seriousness of Israeli human rights abuses represented by the intensification of settlements, daily killings, the storming of Palestinian towns and communities, and the desecration of Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Christian and Islamic holy sites in Jerusalem, the denial of the signed treaties and the piracy of Palestinian taxpayers’ money.

Abbas called on the US government to “intervene immediately, before it is too late to stop these unilateral measures,” according to a statement by the Palestinian Presidency, stressing that “we will not accept and oppose the continuation of these Israeli crimes and the… Defending the rights of our people, our country and our holiness.”

He also stressed “the importance of the US government fulfilling its announced commitments by maintaining the two-state solution, halting settlements, preserving the legal and historical status quo in Jerusalem, the US consulate in Jerusalem reopened and the PLO office in Jerusalem reopened Washington.”

At a press conference in Ramallah on Thursday, Palestinian Foreign Minister Riyad Al-Maliki took the view that the Israeli government’s policies are “resulting in a real and dangerous worsening of the situation on the ground,” noting that 17 Palestinians, civilians or members of armed groups, have been killed groups have been killed in the West Bank since the beginning of the year.

Abraham Accords

The US official also participated in a video conference call in which he and Israeli National Security Advisor Tzachi Hanegbi and their UAE counterparts Tahnoun bin Zayed Al Nahyan and Nasser bin Hamad Al Khalifa in Bahrain attended.

The four declared their commitment to deepening the “Abraham Accords” and discussed practical steps to advance common interests in the region, Netanyahu’s office said in a statement.

Netanyahu won the November 1, 2022 elections, and 63 out of 120 parliamentarians voted for his government, which includes his Likud party and strict religious and far-right parties.

In 2020, Israel signed agreements to normalize relations with the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Morocco, and then in January 2021 with Sudan.

The Palestinians viewed all of these agreements as “a stab in the back” because they violated the Arab consensus that made the resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict the basis for any peace with Israel.

Israel is trying to expand the circle of agreements reached under American auspices to include Saudi Arabia.

In late December 2022, outgoing Prime Minister Yair Lapid told Parliament: “We have laid the groundwork for Saudi Arabia’s accession to the Abraham Accords and confidential details will be handed over to the next Prime Minister.”

He added: “If the new government completes the path we have taken, relations with the Saudis can be normalized within a short period of time.”

The War in Ukraine

The White House said Thursday Sullivan had spoken to Israeli leaders about the war in Ukraine.

“They also discussed Ukraine as well as the growing defense partnership between Russia and Iran and its implications for security in the Middle East region,” the White House said in a statement.

Israel condemned the Russian invasion of Ukraine, but its assistance to Kyiv was limited to humanitarian aid and protective equipment.

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