Leopard 2: why does Ukraine insist on buying this German tank?

Leopard 2: why does Ukraine insist on buying this German tank?

Leopard 2: why does Ukraine insist on buying this German tank?

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Ukraine is urging and begging Western international locations to offer it with heavy weapons, notably superior Western tanks, so as to break the present stalemate on the battlefronts between Ukrainian Armed Forces and the Russian Military, that are enlarging their protection strains in preparation for any doable Ukrainians concretely intensified assault with the start of spring.

After about 11 months of combating between Russia and Ukraine, the variety of tanks utilized by the Ukrainian military in its combating decreased as a lot of them had been misplaced within the combating and plenty of of them had been withdrawn from service as a result of they didn’t want spare elements, since all of Ukraine’s weapons earlier than Russia’s invasion of that nation final February got here from Soviet-tier remnants, and Russia is the one supply of spare elements.

Earlier than the warfare broke out, Ukraine had about 900 Soviet tanks, such because the T-72 and T-64, and a few of the former Jap Bloc international locations that had joined NATO donated about 200 T-72 tanks, owned by Warsaw Pact Tier, encompassing the international locations of Jap Europe.

Russia entered the warfare with about 3,000 tanks of recent fashions and misplaced a whole lot of them early within the warfare due to the anti-tank weapons supplied to Ukraine by western international locations.

Russian forces reached the outskirts of the Ukrainian capital, Kyiv, however retreated and evacuated these areas to focus their army efforts on japanese Ukraine, notably Donetsk and Donbass provinces.

Russian forces adopted new techniques within the combating there, avoiding direct confrontations with Ukrainian floor forces and resorting to concentrated, devastating artillery bombardment campaigns on cities and areas earlier than floor forces superior on them.

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The Leopard 2 tank throughout a Bundeswehr train in 2022

logistical burden

Tanks on the battlefield require a whole lot of upkeep because of the breakdowns they endure, and upkeep is usually achieved in specialised workshops removed from the frontlines.

Ukrainian tanks, courting again to the Nineteen Sixties and Seventies, endure from many malfunctions and issues as a result of poor upkeep and pre-war neglect. The tank that’s the mainstay of the armored corps in Ukraine as we speak is the Soviet T-64, which entered service nearly half a century in the past.

In accordance with Ukraine, it wants 300 trendy western tanks so as to drive the Russian armed forces out of the areas occupied because the starting of the warfare subsequent spring.

“The infantry wants these tanks to interrupt by the Russian defenses, that are effectively protected by artillery,” says Dr. Jack Watling from the British Royal Service Institute.

The UK is the primary nation to donate primary battle tanks to Ukraine as Protection Secretary Ben Wallace confirmed the donation of 14 Challenger 2 tanks to Ukraine. Whereas these tanks may be efficient on the battlefield, their small numbers and use of their very own ammunition, which doesn’t meet the specs of NATO ammunition or Russian tank ammunition owned by Ukraine, can create a logistical burden for Ukraine.

The Ukrainian military must construct a provide community for these tanks to offer them with the required ammunition throughout battles and to offer them with the required upkeep near the battle strains.

The British authorities should meet the wants for these tanks, together with ammunition and spare elements, and switch them to Ukraine with out interruption.

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A Leopard 2 tank of the Turkish military throughout battles towards Islamic State fighters within the metropolis of Al-Bab in 2016

Why Leopard2?

The Leopard tank is the perfect alternative for Ukraine, as it’s the commonest and widespread amongst European NATO member states, since greater than 2,300 tanks of assorted fashions are at present in service with the armies of those international locations and might simply be deployed on the transported overland to Ukraine.

This tank makes use of NATO ammunition and this ammunition may be obtained in affordable portions from any of the NATO international locations till these international locations possess massive portions of this ammunition. The American M1 Abrams tank makes use of the identical Leopard 2 ammunition and due to this fact america to safe the necessity for these ammunition tanks.

Though the primary mannequin of the Leopard tank entered service greater than 4 many years in the past, it went by a whole lot of improvement and modernization processes, due to which it turned among the finest tanks on this planet by way of wounding accuracy, safety and maneuverability, utilized by the armies of 18 International locations all over the world together with Qatar, Singapore, Indonesia and Chile, Canada, along with most European armies.

Expertise has additionally confirmed that it’s dependable on the battlefield because it doesn’t have any breakdowns in comparison with different tanks.

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The Iraqi Military’s American Abrams tanks took half within the 2016 battles to liberate the town of Mosul from the grip of the Islamic State

Turkey owns a whole lot of Leopard 2 tanks and used them in its army operations towards Kurdish militants within the Afrin area in 2018 and towards “Islamic State” militants in Jarabulus and al-Bab in 2016.

The Turkish military misplaced ten tanks of this kind within the battles of the town of Al-Bab towards the extremist group’s militants, which was a terrific embarrassment for the Turkish army institution, which all the time boasted of the energy and solidity of its military.

Some analysts attributed these losses to the poor coaching of the Turkish crews and making tactical errors, as this tank was not meant to wage avenue warfare towards gangsters who lurk within the alleys and facet streets for such heavy and costly automobiles to confront them with anti-tank missiles or explosive units.

A Greek check of Leopard 2, Abrams M1, British Challenger 2, French Leclerc and Russian T-80 tanks confirmed that the Leopard and Abrams tanks hit the goal one hundred pc in twenty rounds whereas on the transfer whereas the hit price by the Soviet T-80 tank was solely 55 p.c.

Many specialists consider that the Leopard 2 is similar to the American Abrams M1 tank by way of efficiency, wounding accuracy, velocity and capabilities, and maybe the one distinction between them is that the American tank is supplied with a jet engine operating on kerosene operates like airplanes and consumes massive quantities of gas, which makes its working vary a lot smaller than that of the Leopard, though the facility of the 2 tank engines is 1500 hp.

Saudi Arabia tried to purchase between 400 and 800 Leopard 2 tanks in a multi-billion greenback deal, however the German authorities refused due to Saudi Arabia’s human rights abuses and Saudi intervention in Bahrain, so the Saudis fell again its conventional accomplice, america, the place it contracted to buy 400 tanks, Abrams M1 tanks, to develop its earlier stock of those tanks.

The newest mannequin is the Leopard 2 A7+ It’s the Bundeswehr’s next-generation tank weighing 67.5 tons and options a sophisticated safety system towards projectiles, missiles and directed hearth. The multi-layer metal sheets additionally present particles safety towards landmines, guided explosive units, rocket-propelled grenades equivalent to RPGs and anti-tank missiles.

The principle weapon within the tank is a 120mm NATO-standard smoothbore gun, along with a 7.62mm machine gun, a 4mm grenade launcher or one other A.50 machine gun, along with smoke bombs on its sides round it to cover from the eyes of the enemy.

The tank commander has a long-range day/night time imaginative and prescient and reconnaissance system, a thermal imaging digicam, an unbiased night time imaginative and prescient system, a laser vary finder, and different superior tools.

The utmost velocity of the tank is 72 km per hour, and its vary is 450 km.

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