“Goals and assistance” is the focus of the second week of the climate conference

“Goals and assistance” is the focus of the second week of the climate conference
“Goals and assistance” is the focus of the second week of the climate conference

“Goals and assistance” is the focus of the second week of the climate conference

The climate conference entered its second week yesterday, while divisions between the rich countries responsible for warming and the poor countries demanding help to combat it remain very wide, despite the almost complete consensus on the urgent need to reduce emissions.

China sits between these two camps as it is responsible for 30% of total greenhouse gases, the largest share globally, and is under pressure from both sides to step up carbon reduction commitments on the one hand and, according to negotiators and analysts, on the other are among the countries providing aid.

At the previous conference in Glasgow a year ago, some 200 countries pledged to meet the Paris Climate Agreement’s most ambitious target of limiting warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels by increasing their commitments to climate change reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from “Cup 27” in the Egyptian Red Sea resort of Sharm el-Sheikh.

However, fewer than 30 countries have done so, putting the world on a 2.4°C warming path. In the first week of COP27 there weren’t many announcements in this regard, with the exception of Mexico and Australia.

It seems each side is waiting for the other with mutual expectation, considering it did what it was supposed to do, said Pierre Canet of the non-governmental organization World Wide Fund for Nature.

go further

The eyes of negotiators in Sharm El-Sheikh are on a meeting between Chinese President Xi Jinping and American Joe Biden in Bali, as well as a statement by the Group of 20, looking for signs that could lead to an easing of the negotiations in Sharm El Sheikh.

“The confirmation of the 1.5 degree target in Bali will make our work much easier,” said a senior climate negotiator.

At the start of the conference, US special envoy on climate John Kerry stressed that the majority of countries here have no intention of returning, while the Egyptian presidency of COP27 called for going further.

Because decisions are taken unanimously, any country can prevent a measure from being adopted. Last year, a sudden last-minute demand from China and India led to an already overdue extension of the conference.

Because of this pressure, delegates have had to tone down the historical reference to fossil fuel sources and call for increased efforts to reduce coal consumption in the absence of carbon capture systems.

It will look closely at how fossil energy is mentioned, while some parties want to strengthen the formula in this context to include gas and oil or give a date for the phasing out of these sources, according to a European source.

From the unprecedented floods in Pakistan a few months ago to small Pacific islands threatened by rising sea levels, developing countries are in turn demanding more money from rich countries who have failed to deliver on their promises to provide $100 billion in aid annually – Emissions and adaptation to the effects of climate change.

These countries too are demanding their own mechanism to deal with the losses and damages they are suffering, but they clash with the reservations of rich countries.

With empty hands

“I don’t know of anyone who would want to approve anything that isn’t very specific,” Kerry said, stressing that the United States would not accept a “legal mechanism” regarding compensation but is willing to hold talks about financial settlements that would this could continue into 2024.

A European source told AFP is creating a dedicated mechanism for this purpose the appropriate solution? We don’t think so and prefer to fall back on established bodies such as the Green Climate Fund.

Speaking on behalf of the climate forum, which includes about 60 countries, Ghana’s negotiator Henry Kokovo said: “We will not give up, we must push in this direction with greater force.”

Maldives Environment Minister Aminath Shona commented that the biggest problem was the lack of political will, which refused any agreement. “I don’t want to leave this conference empty-handed,” she added.

Ministers will enter the negotiating arena from today to try to settle political differences with a view to the adoption of a final document, which will hopefully be released on Friday, the last day of the conference.

At the start of the conference, US special envoy on climate John Kerry stressed that the majority of countries here have no intention of returning, while the Egyptian presidency of COP27 called for going further.

Ministers will enter the negotiating arena from today to try to settle political differences with a view to the adoption of a final document, which will hopefully be released on Friday, the last day of the conference.

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