Fears Egypt will exploit electronic climate summit bid against opponents – The Guardian
British newspapers published on Monday morning discussed several issues of interest to the Arab reader in their print and digital versions, including warnings from security experts about the possibility that the Egyptian regime is using the implementation of the Sharm El-Sheikh climate summit for surveillance of opponents and the intensification of demonstrations in Iran against the mullahs’ regime, as well as How do Ukrainians deal with the harsh winter without sources of energy?
The Guardian published a report for a number of its journalists entitled “Fear grows that Egypt could use the climate summit bid to spy on opponents of the regime and its critics”.
The report states that the official application of the summit requires obtaining consent from the participant to allow their location, access to their photos and even their email in order to be able to download the application, something cybersecurity experts warn against.
The report points out that this coincides with the time when more than 25,000 diplomats and government officials from different countries around the world are attending the conference hosted by Egypt, particularly in the resort of Sharm el-Sheikh.
The report states: “But the ruling authoritarian regime in Egypt will be able to use the official platform of a United Nations event to prosecute and harass participants and political opponents,” noting that the The application has already been downloaded more than 5,000 times, despite its unfair demands on users, including localizing each one of them, accessing their emails and examining their photos, experts in the field of data analysis told the newspaper.
The report continues: “This data can be used by the Abdel Fattah al-Sisi regime to launch a major crackdown on dissidents in a country that has already seen the arrests of more than 65,000 political opponents, and which also witnessed a one A series of mass arrests in the days leading up to the start of the conference isolates any opposition voice and prevents him from getting anywhere near the summit.
The report quotes Jenny Gebhardt, director of the Electronic Frontier Foundation, a consulting firm, as saying, “This app is extraordinarily evil.”
And the report goes on, quoting Jenny: “Nobody is sober who agrees to be monitored by a state or allows them to monitor their email, but what happens is that people push that button a lot without thinking much.”
The report quotes Amnesty International’s Hussein Bayoumi, who told the newspaper that “the organization’s security experts reviewed the application and warned of several concerns ahead of the summit, including the application’s ability to access the cameras of users’ phones on the, what’s going on around them and run the “Bluetooth” system, determining their locations and accessing all other applications on users’ devices.
Bayoumi said: “The problems they found are exactly the requests that the application asks, and if they are accepted, this allows the application to monitor you, collect your data and send it to two servers, one of which is located in Egypt and the authorities do not say what they use this data for or how they can exploit this huge amount of data related to this number of users.
The report also cites a number of Egyptian activists who have criticized the proposal and warned high-level activists who will attend the summit.
“The rampant insurgency in Iran”
The Independent Online published a report by its correspondent Borzo Dragai entitled “Rampant insurgency in Iran encourages those who remain neutral”.
Dragai says men, women and young people who defy religious authority in Iran can throw this turban off the mullahs’ heads.
He adds that the internet in Iran is crammed with video clips of many young men taking revenge on the clerics who have ridden on their shoulders in recent years, noting that we are those young people, or the millions of Iranians, who we are in different parts of the country they support. .
And Dragai continues: “The Iranian mullah regime deserves to be offended, be it Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei or his clerical partners in different parts of the country, because of their greed that has driven them for 44 years, the citizens to insult.”
The journalist points out that targeting men who dress up as clerics on the street while going about their work is not a good indicator for the opposition and should not encourage them. Among the citizens until you see the system have overcome.
ويوضح المراسل أن الكثيرين من المحافظين، المعتدلين في إيران لم ينضموا بعد للثورة، لكنهم في الوقت نفسه، يشعرون بالغضب بسبب مقتل ماهسا أميني، الفتاة الكردية التي توفيت وهي رهن اعتقال شرطة الإرشاد، مشيرا إلى أنهم يخشون من أن تتحول البلاد إلى وضع يشبه ما يحدث In Syria.
Dragai says the opponents want to counter these fears by showing social unity and presenting a political vision for Iran’s future that is different from what the country experienced under the mullahs’ rule.
Cold and Dark War
The Times published a report by its correspondent Mark Bennett entitled “Cold War Calls to Ukrainians Facing Winter Without Energy”.
Bennett says that faced with a winter with no energy or heating source, Ukrainians are collecting firewood from the forests for heating, and quotes Valentina Livtsyn, one of them, as saying: “We used to have everything easily, but now we have nothing.”
He adds that Valentina, who carried wood into her home, which has reinforced its walls with wood and plastic panels to keep it warmer on the frozen winter nights, is one of dozens still living in the village of Moshan in north-west Ukraine Capital Kyiv, inhabited by 800 people, before the start of the war before the village became an antique after an eye after Russian troops took it before Ukrainian troops recaptured it about 8 months ago.
The report states that there are millions of Ukrainians living in the same conditions in the face of a very severe winter, with temperatures falling to minus 20 degrees, and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy is quoted as saying that the Russian attacks Stations have drained about a third of the country’s total energy, leaving about 4.5 million citizens without any power source.
Bennett adds that Russian missiles and missiles have been focused on power plants over the past month following the attack on the Black Sea bridge to Crimea, which Russia annexed to its territory in 2014.
Bennett cites the statements of Bogdan Bezpalko, a Russian government official, Kremlin, who told Russian media that these attacks were delayed, adding: “We must completely disable their infrastructure, then Ukraine will plunge into darkness and cold.”
Bennett explains that the Ukrainian government has prepared plans to help citizens face the freezing cold without energy sources, particularly in cities like Kharkiv and Slativka in the east, where Russian raids destroyed most power plants.
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