Everything you need to know about the US midterm elections politics

Everything you need to know about the US midterm elections  politics
Everything you need to know about the US midterm elections  politics

Everything you need to know about the US midterm elections politics

Henderson/Nevada- “We stand on the cusp of the most important election in our history,” US President Joe Biden commented on the upcoming midterm elections on Tuesday, October 18.

At a time when many constituencies outside the United States are unconcerned about the midterm elections, which take place two years after the presidential election, Americans are interested in these elections because of their great influence on the American political agenda and the direction in which it is headed the country moves opposite.

Most interest in the midterm elections is focused on the two chambers of Congress, the Senate and the House of Representatives.

But this year there is increased interest in the elections of governors and secretaries of state (who represent the highest authority in the elections that validate the results) because of their important role in organizing and administering the elections and documenting their results. pointed to by former President Donald Trump’s opposition to the results of the 2020 election and the dramatic events that followed, with hundreds of his supporters storming the Capitol to stop the documentation of the election results.

The party with a majority in both houses of Congress leads the key committees in that legislative body, and the President’s ability to impose his political agenda is determined by his party’s control of Congress in both houses, and that Ability changes when he loses either chamber, and his ability almost completely decreases when he loses a majority of both chambers.

Al Jazeera Net takes a look at the midterm elections to acquaint the Arabic reader with them in a concise and easy way.

Everything you need to know about the US midterm elections  politics
Early voting has started in several states (Al-Jazeera)

What are midterm elections?

Midterm elections are held every two years, but are especially important when they don’t coincide with the U.S. presidential election, which is held every four years.

This year’s election is on November 8, but some states allow early voting by mail or in person.

All members of the House of Representatives are elected for two-year terms, so all 435 House seats are contested during the midterm elections. A third of the 100 senators (35 seats) are elected in midterm elections every two years.

There are also elections for governors of many states (36 states), in addition to secretaries of state and many local political positions in states and provinces.

What are the chances of both parties in this election?

Expectations are mixed and poll results vary depending on the polling party and their ideological leanings. For example, conservative polls by Fox News show that Republicans generally outperform Democrats, in contrast to opinion polls conducted by liberal news channel MSNBC.

However, all polls show that the difference between the two parties’ candidates is small, particularly in swing states like Pennsylvania, Georgia, Nevada, Arizona and Wisconsin, while many of the two parties’ candidates guarantee secure seats and constituencies in counties known historically around to recognize their loyalty to the party.

What is the map of power relations in Congress now?

Democrats currently have 222 members of the House compared to 212 for Republicans, with 3 seats vacant due to the death or impeachment of their incumbents.

The Republican Party is seeking to regain the House majority it lost in the 2018 midterm elections and it only needs 5 seats to regain the majority and most opinion polls suggest Republicans will accomplish their mission.

The Senate is currently split 50/50 between the Republican and Democratic parties, but the latter holds the majority because Vice President Kamala Harris, as Senate Speaker, has the right to “break the voting tie.”

Of the 35 seats in the election, Republicans hold 21 seats, while Democrats have 14 seats.

The Republican Party needs just one seat to regain the Senate majority, while the Democrats face major challenges that may result in being denied a majority.

Republicans currently control the governorship in 28 states and Democrats in 22 states. Gubernatorial elections are held in 36 states, 20 of which are currently governed by a Republican governor and 16 by a Democrat.

Elections take place at many levels of the political, executive, legislative and judiciary (Al-Jazeera)

What does history say about the relationship of midterm election voting patterns to the White House?

Many poll watchers believe Democrats have a good chance of maintaining or gaining a seat or two in their Senate majority, while Republicans are expected to control a majority in the House of Representatives.

Traditionally, the president’s party loses many seats in midterm elections, which are seen as a referendum on his leadership of the country.

Republicans lost 41 House seats to Democrats during the Trump era in the 2018 election, and the scenario repeated before that during the Barack Obama era, whose Democratic Party lost 63 House seats. and similarly in the 2010 election.

Democratic President Joe Biden enjoys the support of less than 40% of Americans, and many estimates put the Republicans in a big and comfortable victory over the Democrats, but those estimates have declined in recent months.

What are the most important issues that move voters?

Many voters cite the economy, inflation and abortion as the top issues determining their vote for Congress this year.

The Supreme Court’s decision to abolish abortion at the federal level and Roe v. Wade gave Democrats, especially women, a strong impetus and enthusiasm to increase popular mobilization against the decision by getting pro-legal abortion advocates to vote in large numbers.

For their part, Republicans prefer to focus the election debate on the highest rates of inflation in the United States in four decades and broader concerns about economic decline and the decline of millions of Americans. According to polls, more than two-thirds of Americans think the economy is bad or bad, and that the economy will be an important factor in their voting decisions.

There are important issues that concern voters in some states, such as immigration in border states such as Texas, Arizona, California, New Mexico and Florida, the issue of high crime rates in California, New York and Massachusetts and the issue of climate change in the states of Washington, Oregon, California and Alaska.

What are the main parliamentary races?

Most seats are considered secure for both parties, but there are still 31 seats the Cook report sees as unresolved swing districts, 10 of which are currently held by Republicans and the remaining 21 are Democrats.

In order to secure a majority in the House of Representatives, the Republicans must increase their current seats by 6 seats. Because of the decentralization of elections, Republican and Democratic candidates focus their campaigns, public debate, and their constituencies on domestic issues, be they economic, abortion, gun violence, or immigration.

What are the major Senate races?

8 Senate seats are expected to be competitive and each party has 4 seats at stake. Republican seats are in Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, North Carolina, and Ohio, while Democrats sit in Arizona, Georgia, Nevada, and Colorado.

Losing a seat to the Democrats in the Senate race totals could see them lose the Senate majority.

An advert for retired Colonel Mark Robertson showing his defense of democracy highlighted by right-wing Republican Party (Al-Jazeera) candidates.

What are the major state governor races?

There are five gubernatorial elections that the Cook report ranks as at risk: Nevada, Wisconsin, Kansas, Oregon, and Arizona, and these five states are currently governed by Democratic governors.

How are the winners of the elections confirmed?

Although the House of Representatives and Senate are federal races, it is the responsibility of state and local officials to oversee elections and the procedures for confirming their results.

Unlike presidential elections, where states elect their representatives in the electoral college, the results are ratified by Congress; The final results in the House and Senate races are approved by each state.

The administration of the elections themselves is highly decentralized, with provinces and cities playing the primary role in which votes are counted, and there are more than 10,000 electoral districts administered by a largely bipartisan local government group.

Many states have an elected secretary who represents the highest electoral authority and certifies the results. Others have another electoral officer elected by the legislature or the governor. Some have an electoral council or independent commission to oversee elections.

When will the results be announced? And when does the new legislative period begin?

In general, the Associated Press may release some results soon after polls close, and their estimates are always accurate.

But there are some states and some counties whose results may be delayed, and we may wait days before announcing the final result. Each state will then await ratification of its final results, but with polling stations closing late Nov. 8, subject matter experts can steer the direction of the final results.

The new Congress will convene in a biennial parliamentary session on January 3, 2023.

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