Despite his research being postponed, Iraq’s conscription law sparks controversy | politics
The Iraqi parliament decided today, Sunday, to postpone the first reading of the draft law on military service (conscription) to the next session. And the science service stopped working in Iraq about 20 years ago. It is not clear whether the bill will gain the support of a majority of MPs.
In an interview with Iraqi News Agency, MP Sakfan Sindi, a member of the parliament’s defense committee, said that “the legislation of the (compulsory service) law is necessary because there are risks related to terrorism in the country”.
If passed, the law will oblige every young Iraqi between the ages of 18 and 35 to enlist for a maximum of 18 months and a minimum of 3 months, depending on their level of education.
The Security and Defense Committee stated that implementation of the draft military service bill will come after its legislation and two years after its publication in the Iraqi Gazette, meaning there will be ample time to prepare all of its financial requirements and set up the camps.
She added that those who enter the service receive a monthly salary of between 600,000 and 700,000 dinars (about US$480).
On the other hand, some people are exempt under certain conditions, especially the only son or breadwinner of the family.
Soon the Science Service Act was even criticized by the legislature.
In an interview with AFP, Yezidi MP Saeb Khadr said that “the militarization of society will not create love for the homeland”.
In a country where 4 out of 10 young people are unemployed, former Electricity Minister Louay al-Khatib tweeted that instead of passing the draft law, it would make more sense to “provide vocational training centers (for young people). and make them compulsory to acquire skills that will help them develop their competencies and engage them in reconstruction projects. Iraq”.
On the other hand, Fahd Mishaan Turki, a Sunni Advance Alliance MP, believes that “service under the flag will allow us to eliminate unemployment and make the young man feel loyal to the homeland”.
a national necessity
While some saw it as a national imperative to educate a young generation capable of averting any security threat from Iraq, others saw this as a new gateway to corruption and would cost the state huge sums of money, while widespread rejection what they termed the “militarization” of society.”
The hashtags #compulsory_recruitment and #no_for_compulsory_recruitment are being spent on social media platforms in Iraq.
The continuation of the legislation of the Law on “Research Service” ensures the emergence of a generation of young people who are better able to face the difficulties of life, are familiar with rights and duties, and are motivated to preserve the state and its sovereignty and to strengthen the system of Science contribute values, ethics, discipline and commitment to national identity.
— Mohammed Al-halbousi (@AlHaLboosii) November 3, 2022
Iraqi Parliament Speaker Muhammad al-halbousi supported the law’s legislation, saying via his Twitter account that “continuing the legislation of the Science Services Law ensures the preparation of a generation of young people who are better able to face life.” to face difficulties, familiar with rights and duties, motivated to preserve the state and its sovereignty, and to contribute to the strengthening of the system of values, morals and disciplines, commitment to national identity.
The conscription law is part of a plan developed by Iraqi political forces to implement the so-called regime protection project, which protects it from young people demanding rights by sending them to conscription camps to control their movements.
— Aziz Al-Rubaie (@aziz_alrubaye) November 4, 2022
militarization and corruption
On the other hand, journalist Aziz Al-Rubaie said that “the conscription law is part of a plan drawn up by the political forces in Iraq to implement the so-called project to protect the regime and protect it from young people who have rights demanding by sending them to conscription camps to control their movements.”
There are one million two hundred thousand security forces in Iraq including the army, police, mob, etc.
What is the use of conscription other than increasing the burden on the treasury and mishandling unemployment and opening the door to theft of government funds and they can open an absurd war that has no other purpose than to kill young people … !! pic.twitter.com/DCEQoo4RWh
– Agha…🌺 (@Alaghaali3142) November 4, 2022
Blogger Al-Agha commented: “There are one million and two hundred thousand security forces in Iraq, including the army, the police and the crowd, mishandling unemployment and opening the floodgates to theft of state funds and they could open an absurd war, whose aim is nothing other than to kill young people.”
Building schools and hospitals and running factories is a million times better than conscription.
No to the militarization of society.
— dr Hussain Hussain (@Husien_12) November 5, 2022
“Building schools and hospitals and running factories is a million times better than conscription, not the militarization of society,” said journalist and writer Dr. Hussein.
For his part, Kurdistan Democratic Party representative Majid Shankali said in a press statement that “the conscription law will cost Iraq two trillion dinars annually if enshrined in law,” stressing “the need to focus on efforts to search for.” Investment and development projects to create employment opportunities for youth and graduates, rather than militarizing society.” “.
Today we have achieved what we promised from the moment we took responsibility before our people and our history by approving a “Science Service” that will instill national values in our children and we launched the ” Generation Fund” proposal will protect them from full dependence on oil, and together we will go to the early elections to fulfill the promise.
Iraq is our only option.
— Mustafa Al-Kadhim August 31, 2021
On August 31, 2021, the former Iraqi Council of Ministers, headed by Mustafa Al-Kazemi, referred the draft conscription law to the Iraqi Council of Representatives after its approval in principle.
At the time, Al-Kazemi said via his Twitter account: “Today we have achieved what we promised from the moment we took responsibility before our people and our history by recognizing the service of science that… will instill national values in our children.”
Conscription began in Iraq in 1935, during the monarchy era, and ended in 2003, following the overthrow of the late President Saddam Hussein’s regime following the US invasion of Iraq.
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