Cup 27. Sisi “Climate change is the greatest challenge in the world”
After dozens of world leaders flocked to the COPcup 27The Egyptian President, due to take place in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt, opened the summit and stressed the importance of taking action to address the crucial climate crisis that poses the greatest challenge the world has ever faced and expressed his hope that efforts will be made to implement concrete steps in this area.
He stressed that human suffering due to climate change is recurring and reiterated the urgent need to end it.
He added in his opening remarks that peoples around the world are waiting for quick, effective and equitable implementation by both parties of reducing emissions and global warming in order to reduce climate disasters that hit different regions and cause huge casualties and losses .
In addition, he believed that the outcomes of this conference would help change the lives of millions of people for the better.
“Stop the War”
Al-Sisi also touched on the Russo-Ukrainian crisis, calling for the need to end the war and saying “Please end this war” as applause rose in the spacious hall.
He also agreed to mediate in this area.
For his part, the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, emphasized that climate chaos is the main cause of global conflicts. He warned that humanity is struggling to survive in the face of climate change.
He also called for an agreement between developed, developing and emerging countries for the benefit of the environment and the benefit of humanity, particularly China and the United States.
In addition, he stressed the importance of abandoning coal as the main energy source and avoiding its serious damage, and called on international institutions to change their economic approach and allocate financial resources to carbon neutrality.
For his part, the President of the UAE, Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed, pointed out that the risks of climate change affect everyone without exception. He also stressed that his country continues to work with the international community to face this crisis.
Around 110 heads of state and government will intervene today and tomorrow, Tuesday, before the Assembly of Delegates in Sharm El-Sheikh.
Climate Conference in Sharm el-Sheikh (AFP)
These interventions come against the background of several interconnected crises in the world, to which must be added the Russian military intervention in Ukraine, hyperinflation, the threat of recession and the energy crisis with renewed support for fossil fuels and the food crisis The world population will exceed 8 billion people, what could drive the crisis of change. Climate action comes second on the list of priorities, although its devastating impact was evident in 2022, with deadly floods, heat waves and droughts wreaking havoc on crops in many countries, particularly Africa.
Yet many developed countries are accused of not doing what they should to fight global warming.
greenhouse gas emissions
Notably, greenhouse gas emissions need to fall by 45% by 2030 to have any chance of meeting the most ambitious goals of the 2015 Paris climate agreement, which envisages limiting warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.
But the current signatories’ pledges, even if ultimately met, would lead to a 5-10% increase in emissions, putting the world at best on a 2.4°C increase by the end of the century.
With current policies in place, warming is expected to reach 2.8 degrees Celsius, which the United Nations says is catastrophic.
Only 29 countries
Only 29 countries had presented plans to COP 2021 to increase their pledges to reduce emissions, despite having adopted a “charter” urging them to do so.
Possible announcements of further emission cuts are eagerly awaited in Sharm el-Sheikh.
aid to poor countries
The world is also following with interest announcements regarding aid to poor countries, which are usually the countries most vulnerable to the effects of global warming, even if their responsibility is limited as they emit very few greenhouse gases.
Notably, in a gesture many activists hope will be more than symbolic, COP27 delegates on Sunday decided for the first time to include the issue of financing the damage caused by global warming on the official conference agenda . These damages are now estimated in the tens of billions and are expected to continue to rise significantly. The recent floods alone, which inundated a third of Pakistan, are estimated to have caused more than $30 billion in damage.
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