Climate Conference 2022: Another night of intensive negotiations to reach a final agreement
Representatives of the countries attending the COP 27 UN climate change conference hosted by Egypt continued negotiations late into the night on Saturday, trying to reach an agreement after two weeks of talks.
The main agreement on providing funds to developing countries to compensate for losses and damage caused by global warming appeared to be nearing completion.
BBC journalist Georgina Rannard says the negotiators left the large room where they had previously argued and returned to their offices and “these talks are sure to continue for a second night”.
The talks will resume 30 hours after their scheduled conclusion.
“It appears that agreement can be reached on losses and damage, with richer countries agreeing to pay poor countries compensation for damage caused by climate change.”
“It would mark a significant change from the start of the COP when the United States said they would not agree to that kind of money,” she says.
But richer countries like Britain and the European Union want more ambitious targets to cut greenhouse gas emissions, which Rannard says is seen as a year-on-year progress.
The United States, Britain, the European Union and Switzerland have resumed the debate, and there is disagreement over whether stronger commitments to reduce fossil fuel use should be included.
Last year at COP26 in Glasgow, countries agreed to “gradually reduce” coal use.
Burning fossil fuels is the main source of greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to climate change.
However, a report by website Carbon Brief, which specializes in monitoring climate change issues, says Russia and Saudi Arabia are blocking the proposal.
As part of the 2015 Paris Agreement, countries agreed to keep the temperature rise “well below” 2 degrees Celsius and to reach a maximum of 1.5 degrees Celsius.
This is because scientists say rising above this level would expose millions of other people to potentially devastating climate impacts.
But if countries proceed with current policies, we are on track for about 2.6 to 2.9C of warming, according to the Climate Action Tracker website.
Countries must commit to reducing the amount of greenhouse gas emissions they will reduce. Climate Action Tracker says current pledges put us at about 2.4°C of warming.
Climate Action Tracker estimates we will still see 1.8°C of warming by 2100.
If the outlook looks bleak, it’s worth noting that when the Paris Agreement was signed in 2015 we were on track for a 3.6°C temperature rise, so progress has been made.
Western countries reopen talks over casualties and damage
Climate Reporter, BBC News
It put a potentially major hurdle in the way of those talks.
A source close to the negotiating team, representing 134 developing countries plus China, said Britain, the United States, the European Union and Switzerland had resumed discussions on losses and damages.
That was the main point of contention in these talks, but this afternoon there was an open discussion about the fact of an agreement.
It would be historic progress in the United Nations climate talks, a major advance for an issue that has not been addressed in 30 years of such talks.
Many of the representatives of the small and vulnerable states who agreed to this deal, including chief African negotiator Alpha Kaluga, have already left the conference.
This makes resuming conversations particularly risky.
Sources close to the industrialized countries involved said the rule in these negotiations is that there is no agreement until everything is agreed.
I’m afraid we’ll have to wait a long time.
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