An imminent settlement between the parties. Will it end the political crisis in Sudan? | news

An imminent settlement between the parties.  Will it end the political crisis in Sudan?  |  news
An imminent settlement between the parties.  Will it end the political crisis in Sudan?  |  news

An imminent settlement between the parties. Will it end the political crisis in Sudan? | news

Khartoum It was officially announced in Khartoum that a political agreement would soon be reached between the Sudanese parties and is expected to do much to ease tensions and the crisis left by the actions of army commander Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan October 2021, when he dissolved the Sovereign Council and Transitional Ministers and sacked Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok.

According to the leaders of the Freedom and Change Coalition, which was ousted from power, collusion was taking place with the military component, which is expected to culminate in the signing of a framework agreement within 10 days, followed by another detailed one within a month.

Speaking at a press conference last Wednesday after the Central Council approved the vision of the political process that would end the “coup,” coalition leaders stressed that the negotiations that took place with the military guaranteed civilian rule, which practically means the withdrawal of the army from power and the abolition of the current military council.

The agreement, to be signed in two phases, also stipulated that the cabinet would be made up entirely of civilians. This means that the interior and defense ministries will not be staffed by military commanders as has been the case up to now.

The agreements in the first phase between the Forces for Freedom and Change, the army and the parties to the peace agreement focus on understanding the formation of civil authority, provided that in the second phase the details of the framework agreement and its development are negotiated.

The accord will join forces that advocated for change and were not part of the Coalition for Freedom and Change, including the People’s Congress, the Democratic Unionist Party (the original) and other parties, all of which are allowed to vote in government elections and legislative institutions when they sign the Political Declaration, which is the supplementary document to the draft Constitution of the Bar Association, chosen mainly to resolve the political crisis.

A government without parties

And the army commander, Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan, last week announced agreements with the Forces for Freedom and Change, while stressing that the next deal will not be bilateral, also announcing that he had received commitments from the leaders of the coalition , which he negotiated not to take part in the new government and that it would not be partisan and composed of independent faces like its predecessor.

The head of the United Nations Mission in Sudan, Volker Peretz, the African Union Ambassador to Khartoum, Muhammad Belaish, and the IGAD Envoy, Ismail Weiss, published a joint article the week before last in which they discussed the tripartite mechanism “We will call for direct and indirect talks in the coming days to translate the agreements reached within the framework of an enforceable agreement.

The joint article states that civilians want a civilian government with full executive powers and institutional and personal guarantees, while the military component does not want unelected civilians to interfere in army affairs during the transition period. Among other things, people are also demanding a government capable of providing basic services.

“All of these demands can be met on the basis of the agreements reached between the military and civilians, but some issues remain to be resolved, including issues related to transitional justice,” they added in the article.

The same was confirmed to Al-Jazeera Net by a senior Freedom and Change leader, saying that 4 cases of no agreement reached with the army; It’s about immunities, transitional justice, security and military reforms, dealing with the Juba peace agreement and dismantling the pillars of the former regime.

He points out that the framework agreement stipulates that the forces of the revolution will elect the prime minister, who in turn will be the chairman of the Security and Defense Council, just as the forces of the revolution will elect the sovereignty council in the form we vote to form.

Al-Jazeera Net learned that the Freedom and Change Alliance authorized two of its leaders — lawyer Taha Othman and Umma Party Secretary-General Al-Wathiq Al-Barir — to meet with the army and make up-to-date arrangements since she sat directly with Al-Burhan and his deputy Muhammad Hamdan “Hamidti”.

Demonstration in Khartoum to demand return of civilian rule (Reuters)

Rejected and promised

Meanwhile, voices against the prospective deal are widening amid several political factions and blocs, some of which have declared their determination to resist and oppose it, while the Resistance Committees – spearheading the street protests – appear to be the most staunch about it, to reject the prospective settlement unless it involves removing the military council leaders from power and holding them accountable for their actions.” Violations committed since October 25, 2021 and earlier, when 119 people were killed during the wave of protests and at least 7,000 were injured,” according to medical statistics.

And the Sudan People’s Initiative bloc stands out as one of the fronts rejecting the expected deal, and its spokesman Hisham Al-Shavani says they have received no confirmation from the army that the deal with the forces for freedom and change is near , adding: “If we are sure of this, then it will be our choice to oppose this agreement and work to overthrow any government that is established according to the reference to the Constitution of the Sudanese Bar Association.

Al-Shawani told Al-Jazeera Net that their rejection of the deal is due to the presence of some outside parties urging to sign a bilateral deal that would restore the situation before October 25, adding: “We will definitely not accept.” The spokesman also expressed his belief that the prospects for success of the forthcoming deal appear tenuous and fragile, and gambled on its demise “because a large and diverse bloc will reject it”.

Great chance of success

On the contrary, a member of the Alliance for Freedom and Change media committee, Mohamed Abdel-Hakam, believes that the upcoming settlement with the military has very good prospects of success, especially since it is based on a broad desire for what he called for the critical bloc that is the most Sudanese, to end the coup, restore international aid and bring about political stability.

And Abdel-Hakam, in his speech to Al-Jazeera Net, points out that the current political process, in many of its elements, reflects the goals of the revolutionaries and their demands in relation to justice, the return of the army to the barracks, the realization of the civil state and the Sovereignty over military institutions, since the civilian president is the supreme commander of the armed forces in the sovereign structure.

And he continues: “What increases the chances of success of the political process is that we have recently seen a clear seriousness on the part of the other party in the military establishment and their desire to end the coup and hand power to civilians. “

At the same time, he acknowledges that many obstacles could stand in the way of a desired agreement. Among these are the movements of the isolated regime’s supporters to corrupt and subvert the political scene by various means at the civilian level, or by planting cells within the armed forces to sow “confusion” in the scene and perhaps pull off a coup; This requires the other party to control the military institution and commit it to the final outcomes of the deal, he said.

Abdel-Hakam expects to reach an agreement within 10 days, especially as the first phase of the agreement will be collecting perceptions on the military’s observations and response to freedom and change. He said this will be a “phase of a major national debate” on the four issues that are still being debated.

high chances

In turn, journalist Othman Fadlallah supports expectations that the forthcoming deal has a high chance of success if it finds genuine international support, noting that it has the backing of large and influential forces in the arena.

In his speech to Al-Jazeera Net, as editor-in-chief of the armed forces, he hints that the signals coming from the army confirm a certain level of seriousness in dealing with the forthcoming deal, including the silence of military voices opposing the deal, according to the newspaper responsible for known for her harsh criticism of the forces of freedom and change, was dismissed in the final hours.

At the same time, Fadlallah warns that failure to reach clear agreements on judicial acts and to satisfy large numbers of victims’ families would jeopardize the settlement.

And he adds: “I don’t think that resisting the settlement will be easy, as the street protests will not stop, in fact, they will expand, but all of this can be countered in a way that confirms the military’s seriousness about the deal.” implement and market it by meeting the demands of the revolutionaries not to close the bridges, dismantle the fallen regime, end the violence against the protests and achieve justice for the victims and accountability for the perpetrators.

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